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American by PaperHow Documents Matter in Immigrant Literacy$
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Kate Vieira

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780816697519

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816697519.001.0001

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“American by Paper”

“American by Paper”

Azorean and Azorean American Literacy Lives

(p.57) 2 “American by Paper”
American by Paper

Kate Vieira

University of Minnesota Press

Azoreans’ transnational letter writing and other literacy practices became entangled in state bureaucracies, as they wrote to attain legal papers. In this process, they did not use literacy to assimilate to an American identity, but instead to a bureaucratic one, becoming “American by paper.”

Keywords:   Azorean, bureaucracy, identity, legal, transnational writing, literacy practices

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