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Degrees of FreedomThe Origins of Civil Rights in Minnesota, 1865-1912$
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William D. Green

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780816693467

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816693467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 31 October 2020

Senate Bill no. 181

Senate Bill no. 181

(p.127) 6 Senate Bill no. 181
Degrees of Freedom

William D. Green

University of Minnesota Press

Chapter 6 examines the national effort to end discrimination as reflected in Congress with enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, the lack of impact that it had to secure rights to public accommodations, and the shifted focus of the black community to developing racial pride, and promote civic, educational and social institutions. Meanwhile, a newly formed newspaper, the Western Appeal began the organ of black consciousness, spearheaded by John Q. Adams.

Keywords:   Black history, Civil rights history, Minnesota history, Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. De Bois, Ida B. Wells, Frank Wheaton, Frederick McGhee, NAACP

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