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Global GangsStreet Violence across the World$
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Jennifer M. Hazen and Dennis Rodgers

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816691470

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816691470.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 20 October 2019

Maras and the Politics of Violence in El Salvador

Maras and the Politics of Violence in El Salvador

(p.123) 6 Maras and the Politics of Violence in El Salvador
Global Gangs

José Miguel Cruz

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter highlights how the implementation of repressive Mano Dura (“Hard Hand”) policies vis-à-vis gangs in El Salvador has led to the evolution of atomized youth gangs into more structured, more violent, and more institutionalized street gangs.

Keywords:   gangs, youth, violence, conflict, urban challenges, state security, crime, global, transnational

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