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Reinventing CitizenshipBlack Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation$
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Kazuyo Tsuchiya

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816681112

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.001.0001

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The Interconnectedness of Oppression and Freedom

The Interconnectedness of Oppression and Freedom

(p.163) Conclusion The Interconnectedness of Oppression and Freedom
Reinventing Citizenship

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter compares the Community Action Program (CAP) with the Model Community Program (MCP). Both CAP and MCP were political responses to perceived national “crises” due to the social movements in the 1960s. They produced gendered notions of citizenship and community where residents were divided into those “worthy” of state-sponsored security and those “unworthy” of state-sponsored security. However, CAP and the MCP produced different meanings of citizenship and yielded different results. African American activists in Los Angeles took advantage of CAP’s ambiguous phrase “maximum feasible participation” and used it to challenge the anomalies in the policy of the program. On the other hand, Kawasaki Koreans contested the limited notion of citizenship and criticized the demarcation between citizens and noncitizens in the fields of welfare and education.

Keywords:   Model Community Program, Community Action Program, maximum feasible participation, Kawasaki, citizenship

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