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Reinventing CitizenshipBlack Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation$
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Kazuyo Tsuchiya

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816681112

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.001.0001

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Fostering Community and Nationhood

Fostering Community and Nationhood

Japan’s Model Community Program

(p.43) 2 Fostering Community and Nationhood
Reinventing Citizenship

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter discusses how the government of Japan fostered a sense of nationhood through the Model Community Program (MCP) during a national crisis. The Ministry of Home Affairs’ MCP established community centers in eighty-three local areas in 1960s when rapid urbanization resulted in a profound deterioration of the living environment and the “disintegration of community,” which caused numerous social problems in the nation’s cities. The program became an effective strategy to meet the welfare needs of the residents. However, the MCP reinforced the traditional boundaries of citizenship through the simultaneous inclusion of Japanese nationals and exclusion of former colonial subjects.

Keywords:   Ministry of Home Affairs, Model Community Program, nationhood, urbanization, community disintegration, federal government

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