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Reinventing CitizenshipBlack Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation$
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Kazuyo Tsuchiya

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816681112

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.001.0001

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Los Angeles and Kawasaki as Arenas of Struggle over Citizenship

Los Angeles and Kawasaki as Arenas of Struggle over Citizenship

(p.1) Introduction Los Angeles and Kawasaki as Arenas of Struggle over Citizenship
Reinventing Citizenship

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

University of Minnesota Press

This introductory chapter presents the accounts of African American activist and social worker Opal C. Jones and Park Jong Seok to compare African American welfare activism in Los Angeles with Korean battles for welfare rights in Kawasaki during the 1960s and 1970s. Jones fought for the participation of the poor in the Economic and Youth Opportunities Agency of Greater Los Angeles (EYOA). However, the EYOA viewed Jones as a political threat and ousted her as the executive director of the Los Angeles anti-poverty program Neighborhood Adult Participation Project (NAPP) that provided training and employment opportunities for adults. In contrast, Koreans living in the city of Kawasaki, Japan, gathered in support of Park Jong Seok who filed a lawsuit against Japanese electronics company Hitachi for dismissing him due to his ethnic origins. Park and his supporters received financial support from the World Council of Churches (WCC).

Keywords:   Opal C. Jones, Park Jong Seok, Neighborhood Adult Participation Project, Youth Opportunities Agency of Greater Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Kawasaki

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