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Student Activism in AsiaBetween Protest and Powerlessness$
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Meredith L. Weiss and Edward Aspinall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679683

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679683.001.0001

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Japan: Student Activism in An Emerging Democracy

Japan: Student Activism in An Emerging Democracy

Chapter:
(p.57) 2 Japan: Student Activism in An Emerging Democracy
Source:
Student Activism in Asia
Author(s):

Patricia G. Steinhoff

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816679683.003.0003

This chapter discusses Japanese student activism during the Allied Occupation (1945–52) in Japan. During this period, Japanese students who joined military service returned to their campuses and joined student activists to demand the removal of wartime school administrators and the restoration of faculty who had been expelled during the war. Three critical policies of the Occupation fundamentally reshaped the postwar environment for student activism: the legalization of the Left; the far-reaching civil liberties protections of the new constitution; and the restructuring of the education system. The development of student activism in postwar Japan in the context of an emerging democracy and developmentalism fundamentally shaped the forms and nature of student activism.

Keywords:   Allied Occupation, student activism, developmentalism, democracy, education system

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