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Capital FictionsThe Literature of Latin America's Export Age$
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Ericka Beckman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679195

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679195.001.0001

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Imagining the Export Republic

(p.3) Chapter 1 Production
Capital Fictions

Ericka Beckman

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter discusses the concept of export specialization, by which liberal visionaries imagined the possibility for global commodity networks to earn national wealth. It examines the account of Cuban writer José Martí who supported foreign investment by writing Guatemala, a pamphlet that promoted rich agrarian landscapes, self-sustaining growth, and mutual cooperation between plantation owners, European investors, and indigenous workers. Martí’s opinions were undermined by the advocates of material logic of export-led modernization who prioritized the creation of privately owned surplus value over the needs of citizens.

Keywords:   export specialization, global commodity networks, Guatemala, modernization

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