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Capital FictionsThe Literature of Latin America's Export Age$
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Ericka Beckman

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679195

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679195.001.0001

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Production

Production

Imagining the Export Republic

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter 1 Production
Source:
Capital Fictions
Author(s):

Ericka Beckman

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816679195.003.0001

This chapter discusses the concept of export specialization, by which liberal visionaries imagined the possibility for global commodity networks to earn national wealth. It examines the account of Cuban writer José Martí who supported foreign investment by writing Guatemala, a pamphlet that promoted rich agrarian landscapes, self-sustaining growth, and mutual cooperation between plantation owners, European investors, and indigenous workers. Martí’s opinions were undermined by the advocates of material logic of export-led modernization who prioritized the creation of privately owned surplus value over the needs of citizens.

Keywords:   export specialization, global commodity networks, Guatemala, modernization

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