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A Black Communist in the Freedom StruggleThe Life of Harry Haywood$
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Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679058

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.001.0001

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A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle

Harry Haywood

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

University of Minnesota Press

In this chapter, Harry Haywood talks about his determination to see the elimination of racism and the achievement of complete equality for Blacks, as well as his personal commitment to the fight for a socialist United States. The bloody Chicago race riot that erupted on July 28, 1919 was a pivotal point in Haywood’s life. In the early 1920s, Chicago was an ideal place and time for the education of a Black radical. It would become the scene of some of the nation’s bloodiest battles in the struggle between labor and capital. Blacks, however, played little or no role in the turbulent early history of the Chicago labor movement. Haywood and his fellow Blacks searched for answers to the social problems of the day. Many found the answer in the Back to Africa program of the West Indian Marcus Garvey and his Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA).

Keywords:   racism, Harry Haywood, Blacks, Chicago, race riot, labor movement, social problems, Back to Africa, Marcus Garvey, Universal Negro Improvement Association

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