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A Black Communist in the Freedom StruggleThe Life of Harry Haywood$
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Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679058

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 31 October 2020

on to France

on to France

Chapter:
(p.48) 3 on to France
Source:
A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle
Author(s):

Harry Haywood

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.003.0004

In this chapter, Harry Haywood talks about his experience as a member of the U.S. army’s Eighth Illinois, Black National Guard Regiment that fought in France during World War I. Haywood’s regiment sailed for France in early April 1918, on the old USS Washington, a passenger liner converted into a troop ship. Their three ships sailed out of Newport News without escort. They were naturally worried due to rumors of German submarines, but their anxiety disappeared when in mid-ocean they picked up two escort vessels, one of which was the battle cruiser Covington. When they reached the war zone, about three days out of Brest, France, a dozen destroyers took over, circling their ships all the way into port. It took Haywood’s regiment sixteen days in all to reach Brest, where they arrived on April 22. The regiment spent six months in the lines in all. They took part in the 59-day drive of General Mangin’s Tenth Army, which ended on the day of the Armistice.

Keywords:   Harry Haywood, U.S. army, Eighth Illinois, Black National Guard Regiment, France, World War I, USS Washington, Brest

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