Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
A Black Communist in the Freedom StruggleThe Life of Harry Haywood$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679058

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 31 October 2020

on to France

on to France

(p.48) 3 on to France
A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle

Harry Haywood

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

University of Minnesota Press

In this chapter, Harry Haywood talks about his experience as a member of the U.S. army’s Eighth Illinois, Black National Guard Regiment that fought in France during World War I. Haywood’s regiment sailed for France in early April 1918, on the old USS Washington, a passenger liner converted into a troop ship. Their three ships sailed out of Newport News without escort. They were naturally worried due to rumors of German submarines, but their anxiety disappeared when in mid-ocean they picked up two escort vessels, one of which was the battle cruiser Covington. When they reached the war zone, about three days out of Brest, France, a dozen destroyers took over, circling their ships all the way into port. It took Haywood’s regiment sixteen days in all to reach Brest, where they arrived on April 22. The regiment spent six months in the lines in all. They took part in the 59-day drive of General Mangin’s Tenth Army, which ended on the day of the Armistice.

Keywords:   Harry Haywood, U.S. army, Eighth Illinois, Black National Guard Regiment, France, World War I, USS Washington, Brest

Minnesota Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.