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A Black Communist in the Freedom StruggleThe Life of Harry Haywood$
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Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679058

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.001.0001

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(p.271) Epilogue
A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle

Harry Haywood

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

University of Minnesota Press

In this epilogue, Harry Haywood reflects on the Black revolt in the 1960s that began in the Deep South and quickly spread across the entire country. After Haywood and others who had defended the revolutionary position on Black liberation had been driven from the Communist Party of the United States, the Black revolt surged up from the Deep South. The stage for the Black revolt was set in 1954, the year of the Supreme Court decision outlawing school segregation. In a decade of mass movement, which saw demonstrations and uprisings in virtually every ghetto in America, Afro Americans put all existing programs for Black freedom to the test. The struggle was transformed from an internal, isolated one against an apparently “invincible” ruling class into a component part of a worldwide revolutionary struggle against imperialism. The revolt forced concessions from the ruling class: it broke down a great deal of legal and occupational Jim Crow, enlarged the Black middle class, and extended the franchise to Blacks in the South.

Keywords:   ruling class, Harry Haywood, Black revolt, Deep South, Communist Party of the United States, school segregation, Afro Americans, Black freedom, imperialism, Jim Crow

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