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A Black Communist in the Freedom StruggleThe Life of Harry Haywood$
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Harry Haywood and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816679058

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 31 October 2020

Chicago: Against War and Fascism

Chicago: Against War and Fascism

Chapter:
(p.211) 11 Chicago: Against War and Fascism
Source:
A Black Communist in the Freedom Struggle
Author(s):

Harry Haywood

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816679058.003.0012

In this chapter, Harry Haywood reflects on his role in the Communist Party of the United States’s campaign in Chicago against war and fascism during the 1930s. In late 1934, Haywood left New York for Chicago, where the Communist Party was beginning to grow. The following year, the Communist International held its Seventh Congress in Moscow. How to prevent fascism, and how to overthrow it where it already had come to power, were the questions facing the Congress. The Congress called upon the parties to build broad people’s fronts against war and fascism. Earlier that year, Italy openly proclaimed its goal of annexing Ethiopia, arousing deep anger among Blacks throughout the country. Anticipating the call of the Seventh Congress, Southside Communists seized the initiative to build a broad united front struggle against the growing threat of war and fascism. The party’s campaign in defense of Ethiopia helped lay the basis for the greatest Black united front movement of the period—the National Negro Congress, founded in Chicago in mid-February 1936.

Keywords:   war, Harry Haywood, Communist Party of the United States, Chicago, fascism, Communist International, Italy, Ethiopia, National Negro Congress, Blacks

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