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House, but No GardenApartment Living in Bombay's Suburbs, 1898-1964$
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Nikhil Rao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780816678129

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816678129.001.0001

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The Spread of Apartment Living

The Spread of Apartment Living

(p.137) 4 The Spread of Apartment Living
House, but No Garden

Nikhil Rao

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter discusses the three developments in the building industry that resulted in the proliferation of the Bombay flat in the 1930s and 1940s: the generalized availability of cheap cement and reinforced cement concrete, the emergence of a new generation of Indian architects who were willing and able to build according to Indian needs, and, finally, the development of municipal bylaws that led to the standardization of the Bombay flat. Similarly important to the physical manifestations of apartment living are the spread of living practices employed by apartment households. The apartments took into its spatial considerations the needs of a bourgeois nuclear family—the upper-caste and lower-middle-class families—that were the intended residents for these spaces. In turn, these families and their living practices have codified apartment living as the quintessential form of living in Bombay.

Keywords:   Bombay flat, building industry, living practices, bourgeois nuclear family, apartment living, standardization

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