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House, but No GardenApartment Living in Bombay's Suburbs, 1898-1964$
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Nikhil Rao

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780816678129

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816678129.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Rise of the Bombay Flat

The Rise of the Bombay Flat

Chapter:
(p.97) 3 The Rise of the Bombay Flat
Source:
House, but No Garden
Author(s):

Nikhil Rao

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816678129.003.0004

This chapter argues that apartment and flat living was pioneered in the suburbs of Dadar–Matunga. Contrary to the original vision of the Bombay City Improvement Trust, the Dadar–Matunga–Sion area became an apartment-building suburb in response to pressures in the land market. Furthermore, these apartment buildings had not presented themselves as a ready-made option for suburban living. Rather, apartment buildings and single-family flats were produced in the Bombay setting as self-contained social spaces; and, of course, they were built around toilets, which were previously installed outside of dwellings. The toilet within the flat became the catalyst that linked the apartment form with the rise of a new upper-caste lower middle class. Such an arrangement afforded the residents an agreeable compromise between caste and class considerations.

Keywords:   land market, Dadar–Matunga–Sion, Bombay, apartment buildings, toilets, upper-caste lower middle class

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