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Escape from New YorkThe New Negro Renaissance beyond Harlem$
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Davarian L. Baldwin and Minkah Makalani

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780816677382

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816677382.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 27 February 2020

Reconfiguring the Roots and Routes of New Negro Activism: The Garvey Movement in New Orleans

Reconfiguring the Roots and Routes of New Negro Activism: The Garvey Movement in New Orleans

(p.205) 8 Reconfiguring the Roots and Routes of New Negro Activism: The Garvey Movement in New Orleans
Escape from New York

Claudrena Harold

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter explores the influence of Garveyism on New Negro activism in New Orleans during the 1920s. It focuses on the role played by activists such as John B. Cary, a New Orleans–based trade unionist actively involved in New Negro era politics. Cary believed strongly that the native sons and daughters of the “Black South” had a pivotal role to play in securing a more empowering modernity for the world’s dispossessed. To realize his political goals, Cary invested a tremendous amount of time and energy into Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Occupying several leadership positions within the New Orleans UNIA during the 1920s, Cary regarded the regional expansion of the Garvey movement from the Northeast to the Jim Crow South as a critical development in African Americans’ ongoing fight against racial capitalism and American imperialism. This chapter examines Cary’s simultaneous embrace of labor politics and black nationalist organizing and what it tells us about the transformed psychology that permeated the New Negro masses in New Orleans.

Keywords:   labor politics, Garveyism, New Negro, activism, New Orleans, John B. Cary, Jim Crow, South, Marcus Garvey, Universal Negro Improvement Association

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