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Does Local Government Matter?How Urban Policies Shape Civic Engagement$
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Elaine B. Sharp

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816677085

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816677085.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 24 May 2022

Community Policing

Community Policing

A Reform Policy for Police Responsiveness

Chapter:
(p.77) 3 Community Policing
Source:
Does Local Government Matter?
Author(s):

Elaine B. Sharp

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816677085.003.0004

This chapter focuses on community policing, a multifaceted innovation adopted by numerous police departments in the 1990s. Community policing involves proactive crime prevention; enhanced collaboration between police officers and neighborhood residents; and the acknowledgment that problems of social order (e.g. graffiti, vandalism, and public drunkenness) can make neighborhoods vulnerable to criminal elements and thus should be a priority for problem-solving collaborations between police, neighborhood residents, and other city agencies. Community policing is one of a number of urban programs ostensibly aimed at mobilizing citizens for civic engagement. However, there is scant evidence that community policing has the intended effect on civic engagement. There is also little evidence that community policing helps build social capital in terms of trust in neighbors or indeed trust in police.

Keywords:   community policing, policy-centered theory, law enforcement, police, crime prevention, civic engagement

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