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Gay Rights at the Ballot Box$
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Amy L. Stone

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816675470

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816675470.001.0001

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From Anita Bryant to California Proposition 8

From Anita Bryant to California Proposition 8

The Religious Right’s Attack on LGBT Rights

(p.1) Chapter 1 From Anita Bryant to California Proposition 8
Gay Rights at the Ballot Box

Amy L. Stone

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter analyzes the tactics used by the Religious Right against the LGBT movement from 1974 to 2009. The Religious Right mobilized interested local activists, affected public opinion, and grew as a movement by fighting LGBT rights at the ballot box through direct democracy, the proposal and passage of laws through voters rather than legislators. Their tactics included everything from the most virulently moralist homophobic attacks to legalistic arguments about changing civil rights laws. The chapter studies the Religious Right’s “experiments” on referendums, such as the Colorado Amendment 2, and their formation of “stealth” initiatives that did not even mention sexual orientation and included same-sex marriage bans.

Keywords:   direct democracy, Religious Right, referendum, initiative process, LGBT movement, LGBT rights, Colorado Amendment 2, sexual orientation, same-sex marriage

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