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The Jobless FutureSecond Edition$
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Stanley Aronowitz and William DiFazio

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780816674510

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816674510.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
The Jobless Future

Stanley Aronowitz

William DiFazio

University of Minnesota Press

This introductory chapter discusses the effects of technological progress on employment. The restructuring of global capital and computer-mediated work leads to unemployment, underemployment, decreasingly skilled work, and relatively lower wages. In the 1970s, an estimated 38 million jobs were destroyed because of the decline in both manufacturing and nonmanufacturing sectors—a direct result of plant, store, and office shutdowns. Sci-tech transformations of the labor process have disrupted the workplace and worker’s community and culture, causing a proliferation of part-time and temporary jobs that displaces permanent regular jobs. Computerized machines employ very little direct labor because control over it is now built into the machines by computer processes such as numerical controls, lasers, and robotics. Thus, the more investment in contemporary technologies, the more labor is destroyed.

Keywords:   technological progress, employment, global restructuring, computer-mediated work, labor process, temporary jobs, computerized machines

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