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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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(p.30) 3 Brunelleschi
Architecture since 1400

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter focuses on goldsmith and sculptor Filippo Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi was the first person to be a professional architect in the sense that we understand the term today, that of someone who focuses on the appearance and structure of buildings without contributing his or her own labor to their construction. Learning about Brunelleschi provides insight on how architecture has been practiced, first in Florence, then in Italy, and eventually throughout much of the world, and about the presumptions that continue to shape the profession today. His notable achievements include constructing the dome for the Santa Maria del Fiore (Our Lady of the Flower) cathedral; emphasizing the orderly articulation of wall plane, plan, and, eventually, by extension, space; and the rediscovery of single-point perspective, which had been ignored in European art for a millennium.

Keywords:   Florence, Rome, architecture, cathedrals, dome construction, Filippo Brunelleschi, architects, single-point perspective

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