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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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Imposing Urban Order

Imposing Urban Order

(p.374) 24 Imposing Urban Order
Architecture since 1400

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter discusses modernism’s limited impact on architecture in the first half of the twentieth century. The modern movement all but collapsed in the countries that originally nurtured it in the wake of the Great Depression. It flourished only on the margins of Europe in cities such as Budapest, Bucharest, Helsinki, Tel Aviv, and Ankara, where various clients sought to demonstrate their modernity by belatedly adopting what was then a slightly dated formula. The story of city planning during the first four decades of the twentieth century illustrates some of the reasons for modernism’s limited appeal. City planning was a new profession and to be successful, planners needed far more political authority than had ever been accorded to architects. The acquisition of that power depended on their ability to adapt forms that would be viewed sympathetically by political elites, thus making them hesitant to embrace avant-garde solutions.

Keywords:   modern architecture, modern movement, modernism, city planning, urban planning

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