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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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Tenochtitlán and Cuzco

Tenochtitlán and Cuzco

(p.16) 2 Tenochtitlán and Cuzco
Architecture since 1400

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter explores the history and architecture of Tenochtitlán, Mexico, and Cuzco, Peru. The city of Tenochtitlán was the center of the Mexica empire while the Inca empire centered on Cuzco. Both societies were technologically advanced, with complex political structures capable of organizing hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of people. The remains of their architecture provide us with the richest evidence of their accomplishments and forms the worldview that inspired them. However, these cities and their buildings were not enough to sustain the cultures that had created them. In the sixteenth century, the Mexica and the Inca fell victim to Spanish conquerors and their thirst for gold. The process was violent and terrifying, destroying the social and architectural patterns that had once ordered these unusually prosperous societies.

Keywords:   architecture, Mexico, Peru, Great Temple, Incas, Mexica empire, Tenochtitlán, Spanish conquerors, Cuzco, Inca empire

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