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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MINNESOTA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.minnesota.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MNSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

(p.255) 17 The Industrial Revolution
Architecture since 1400

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

University of Minnesota Press

The Industrial Revolution transformed the architecture and society of nineteenth-century Europe and the Americas. New sites of production were organized around newly efficient manufacturing processes, and the building materials they generated were used to construct new building types on an unprecedented scale. Capitalism increasingly challenged the primacy of the state, whether controlled by absolutist monarchs or bourgeois citizens, in determining urban form. This chapter examines the new industrial landscapes in which iron and textiles, two of the characteristic products of this revolution, were produced, as well as the new building types in which mass-produced materials—glass as well as iron—were used as construction materials. In many cases, these uses were inseparable from the economic and technological changes that resulted from other aspects of industrialization.

Keywords:   Industrial Revolution, architecture, architectural history, capitalism, urban development, industrialization

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