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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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Neoclassicism, the Gothic Revival, and the Civic Realm

Neoclassicism, the Gothic Revival, and the Civic Realm

(p.237) 16 Neoclassicism, the Gothic Revival, and the Civic Realm
Architecture since 1400

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter considers the emergence of new civic architecture from the mid-eighteenth through the mid-nineteenth centuries, reflecting the enormous shifts in European and North American social and political organization, triggered by the American and French Revolutions. The debates over how the rule of law could substitute for the divine right of kings, and how could it foster both individual liberty and economic prosperity spawned a civic realm composed of institutions, sponsored largely by governments, in which citizens gather for administration or edification. These include legislative assemblies, government offices, monuments, universities, museums, and even theaters. These new buildings were often neoclassical rather than baroque, although their architects sometimes revived medieval styles, including Romanesque as well as Gothic.

Keywords:   civic buildings, civic architecture, political change, Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture, neoclassical architecture

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