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Measuring ManhoodRace and the Science of Masculinity, 1830-1934$
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Melissa N. Stein

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673025

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673025.001.0001

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An “Equal Beard” for “Equal Voting”

An “Equal Beard” for “Equal Voting”

Gender and Citizenship in the Civil War, Reconstruction, and Redemption

(p.89) Chapter 2 An “Equal Beard” for “Equal Voting”
Measuring Manhood

Melissa N. Stein

University of Minnesota Press

Chapter two describes how racial scientists became invested in defining manhood and to whom it applied. During the Civil War, scientists conducted anthropometric studies of union troops, measuring manhood along racial lines. After, they turned their attention from black men's fitness for military service to their fitness for citizenship, a political category attached to men alone.

Keywords:   scientific racism, manhood, racial anthropology, history of citizenship, gender studies, American studies, Civil War

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