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Mythohistorical InterventionsThe Chicano Movement and Its Legacies$
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Lee Bebout

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780816670864

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816670864.001.0001

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Of Mothers and Revolucionarias

Of Mothers and Revolucionarias

Movement Chicanas Fashioning a Feminism of Their Own

(p.105) Chapter 3 Of Mothers and Revolucionarias
Mythohistorical Interventions

Lee Bebout

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter examines the emergence of early Chicana feminist thought and how feminists of the Chicano movement deployed the mythohistorical to claim cultural citizenship within the Chicana/o imaginary. For these Chicanas, movement participation was circumscribed through a gendered construction of the ideal national subject as evidenced through the revolutionary/bandido, the bronze brotherhood, and La Familia de La Raza. Moreover, patriarchal Chicano nationalism deployed female figures such as La Virgen de Guadalupe and La Malinche to create passive and abject models of Chicana belonging. The chapter analyzes early Chicana poetry and movement periodicals to illustrate how Chicana feminists such as Martha Cotera and Sylvia Morales recovered and reinterpreted a lineage of active historical participants, from pre-conquest deities and women of the Mexican Revolution to more complex understandings of La Virgen and La Malinche. These feminists argued that feminism was not antithetical to nationalism; instead, they insist that a truly revolutionary movement required the full participation of the entire family.

Keywords:   feminism, Chicano movement, Chicanas, La Familia de La Raza, Chicano nationalism, La Virgen de Guadalupe, La Malinche, Chicana poetry, revolutionary movement, family

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