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The City, RevisitedUrban Theory from Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York$
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Dennis R. Judd and Dick Simpson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780816665754

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816665754.001.0001

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The Rise and Decline of the L.A. and New York Schools

The Rise and Decline of the L.A. and New York Schools

Chapter:
(p.137) 7 The Rise and Decline of the L.A. and New York Schools
Source:
The City, Revisited
Author(s):

David Halle

Andrew A. Beveridge

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816665754.003.0007

This chapter argues that it is time to move beyond the framework of the Los Angeles School and a New York School. Both schools were reacting, in different ways, to a common view that American cities were in decline while the periphery was expanding; characterized by the mass movement of the middle and working classes from the central cities to the suburbs and the concentration of the poor and minorities within cities. This perspective is no longer a compelling account of the actual situation of urban development. The chapter presents data suggesting some of the basic elements of a new discourse. These involve: (1) key demographic changes, including especially changing birth rates for racial and ethnic groups; (2) the rise and collapse of the housing bubble; (3) demographic changes that transform our understanding of ghettos, an issue approached via a case study of changes in Harlem; and (4) the environmental movement, which is considered via a case study of Manhattan’s High Line, the long-disused, above-ground railroad that environmentalists are turning into a park and opened in June 2009.

Keywords:   Los Angeles School, New York School, urbanism, urban development, birth rates, housing bubble, demographic change, ghettos, environmental movement

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