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PosthegemonyPolitical Theory and Latin America$
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Jon Beasley-Murray

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780816647149

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816647149.001.0001

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Chile 1992: Bourdieu and Habit

Chile 1992: Bourdieu and Habit

(p.174) 4 Chile 1992: Bourdieu and Habit

Jon Beasley-Murray

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter examines the politics of habit within the context of posthegemony by focusing on Chile from the heyday of resistance to Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in the 1980s, to the relative quiescence of the so-called transition to democracy in the 1990s. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of habit as a model with which to understand social order and control, it considers habit and how its persistence generates its own form of resistance. It suggests that the politics of habit persists even as ideology wanes, calling it a micropolitics of affect, of a regularized low-intensity affect, closely associated with ethics. It also discusses “the ideology of ideology,” the conviction that ideology matters, that our actions follow on from the ideas that we hold or even from the ideas that hold us and so from the ruses of some hegemonic project.

Keywords:   politics, habit, posthegemony, Chile, resistance, Augusto Pinochet, democracy, Pierre Bourdieu, social order, ideology

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