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(p.201) Conclusion
Lusophone Africa
Fernando Arenas
University of Minnesota Press

This chapter presents some final thoughts. As a group, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São TomÉ and Príncipe represent an epitome of the African continent with splendid variations of population, land mass, geopolitical authority, and economic structure. In general, the book focuses on gaps in Lusophone Africa’s democratization process and the absence of total economic independence, albeit the political autonomy of its nation-states is undisputed. The outcome of Africa’s independence meant a transition from autocratic one-party states and integrated economies to market-oriented multiparty states, and is an indication of both a shortfall in social justice and abundance of idealistic hope.

Keywords:   Lusophone Africa, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São TomÉ and Príncipe, Africa, multiparty states

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