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The Servant Class CityUrban Revitalization Versus the Working Poor in San Diego$
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David J. Karjanen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780816694624

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816694624.001.0001

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Do-It-Yourself Safety Nets

Do-It-Yourself Safety Nets

(p.157) 6 Do-It-Yourself Safety Nets
The Servant Class City

David J. Karjanen

University of Minnesota Press

The sixth chapter examines the ways that people provide for themselves within low-income communities in the absence of market-based or public sector solutions for everything from childcare to banking. Recalling previous chapters, the hospitality and retail industries are, on average, inadequate in terms of job quality. A lack of skills upgrading or experience, stagnant or falling wages, and limited career ladders make these industries less than appealing to many inner-city residents. As some move to the further margins of the economy, working informally to supplement their low wages or to drop out of the labor force entirely, they run into additional problems, like a lack of benefits and labor market attachment. This often makes it harder to return to a formal employment.

Keywords:   Urban revitalization, Social services, Urban poor, Working poor, Informal economy, Labor market, Service work, America, San Diego

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