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The Servant Class CityUrban Revitalization Versus the Working Poor in San Diego$
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David J. Karjanen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780816694624

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816694624.001.0001

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Working on, off, and around the Books

Working on, off, and around the Books

(p.129) 5 Working on, off, and around the Books
The Servant Class City

David J. Karjanen

University of Minnesota Press

The fifth chapter looks at informal, or “off-the-books,” employment and how integral it is in low-income communities, particularly for those who cannot afford vital services or do not earn enough through their primary occupation. Traditionally, this type of “street hustling” has been viewed as on the peripheries of urban economic activity. The chapter includes an analysis of informal work alongside other forms of low-wage labor precisely because when looked at it analytically, this type of wage labor is not marginal, but is in fact integral to the economy of the urban and working poor.

Keywords:   Urban poor, Working poor, Informal economy, Low income, Low wage labor, Labor market, America, San Diego

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