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Peace Corps FantasiesHow Development Shaped the Global Sixties$
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Molly Geidel

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780816692217

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816692217.001.0001

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The Peace Corps, Population Control, and Cultural Nationalist Resistance in 1960s Bolivia

The Peace Corps, Population Control, and Cultural Nationalist Resistance in 1960s Bolivia

Chapter:
(p.187) 6 The Peace Corps, Population Control, and Cultural Nationalist Resistance in 1960s Bolivia
Source:
Peace Corps Fantasies
Author(s):

Molly Geidel

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816692217.003.0006

Moving to a closer study of the 1960s Peace Corps’ on-the-ground impact, the last chapter chronicles the agency’s work in and expulsion from Bolivia. It surveys the network of military and civilian government agencies, religious missionaries, and other development workers that spread across Bolivia in the 1960s, and reveals how the Peace Corps came to symbolize in the Bolivian popular imagination all these modernization efforts. Geidel’s discussion of Bolivian responses to the Peace Corps culminates in an analysis of Jorge Sanjines’s 1969 neorealist film Yawar Mallku (Blood of the Condor), the film that directly incited the Peace Corps’ 1971 exit and spurred a cultural nationalist movement in Bolivia. This indigenous cultural nationalism became directed toward development discourse’s ideal of a masculine utopia whose construction would entail controlling women’s bodies. I conclude the book by showing how indigenous feminists have attempted in subsequent decades to re-theorize their own subjectivities, embracing neither Western individualism nor submission to cultural nationalist futures.

Keywords:   Peace Corps, Bolivia, Bolivian history, modernization, Jorge Sanjines, Blood of the Condor, nationalist movements, cultural nationalism, masculine utopia, indigenous feminism

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