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Tongzhi LivingMen Attracted to Men in Postsocialist China$
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Tiantian Zheng

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780816691999

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816691999.001.0001

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Safe Sex among Men

Safe Sex among Men

Condoms, Promiscuity, and HIV

Chapter:
(p.163) Chapter 7 Safe Sex among Men
Source:
Tongzhi Living
Author(s):

Tiantian Zheng

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816691999.003.0008

Chapter 7 explores popular sexual practices among tongzhi, including group sex, threesomes, and one-night stands, and the ways in which political, social, and cultural factors play a critical role in shaping tongzhi’s high-risk sexual behaviors and susceptibility to HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Political factors such as police harassment, police arrests, and a hostile environment fuel high-risk sexual behaviors and inhibit condom use. The gender dynamics between 0 (female role) and 1 (male role) often give 1s the power as the decision maker about condom use. Sociocultural factors such as the symbol of condoms as promiscuity, infidelity, and an antithesis to love also curtail their use in sexual encounters. Condom use is further impeded by the belief in the Taoist ideology and Chinese traditional medicine and by drug use. Thus this chapter investigates the underlying complexities and nuances that are implicated in tongzhi’s decisions about condom use in the era of HIV/AIDS in postsocialist China.

Keywords:   sexual practices, Chinese culture, high-risk behaviors, HIV, postsocialist China, Taoism, gender roles, cultural environment

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