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The Erotics of SovereigntyQueer Native Writing in the Era of Self-Determination$
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Mark Rifkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816677825

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816677825.001.0001

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Laboring in the City

Laboring in the City

Stereotype and Survival in Chrystos’s Poetry

(p.215) 4 Laboring in the City
The Erotics of Sovereignty

Mark Rifkin

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter explains how the policy of self-determination seems situated to address the ongoing misplacements prompted by the history of U.S. efforts to eliminate Native peoples as such. In order to redeem national shame for the violent past of settler invasion, the policy of self-determination must be supplemented by a vision of Indianness in which indigeneity exists in the continuing occupation of an acknowledged homeland. The chapter states that Indigenous diasporas expand due to the persisting effects of more than a century of state-sanctioned land seizure and structural underdevelopment in Native homelands. Through her poetry, Menominee rights activist and writer Chrystos explores the relationship between the taking of Native territory, the conditions of wage work in urban space, and the work of survival as a Native person.

Keywords:   self-determination, Indianness, Indigenous diaspora, land seizure, Native homelands, Chrystos, Menominee

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