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Survival SchoolsThe American Indian Movement and Community Education in the Twin Cities$
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Julie L. Davis

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780816674282

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816674282.001.0001

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Conflict, Adaptation, Continuity, and Closure, 1982–2008

Conflict, Adaptation, Continuity, and Closure, 1982–2008

(p.173) Chapter 5 Conflict, Adaptation, Continuity, and Closure, 1982–2008
Survival Schools

Julie L. Davis

University of Minnesota Press

Chapter Five describes and analyzes the schools’ development and evolution from 1982-2008. It describes the growing internal conflicts and external challenges that divided the survival school community and weakened school programs and explores both how the schools changed and how they maintained continuity in these years. The chapter narrates the events leading to the closure of Red School House in 1995 and Oh Day Aki/Heart of the Earth in 2008. It also analyzes the schools’ challenges, conflicts, divisions, and closure in their national and international context.

Keywords:   American Indian, Minnesota, Midwest, Alternative Education, Activism, Education, Assimilation, Colonialism, Decolonization, Public School

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