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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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Early Modern South Asia

Early Modern South Asia

Chapter:
(p.109) 8 Early Modern South Asia
Source:
Architecture since 1400
Author(s):

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0008

This chapter discusses how the cities of early modern South Asia were transformed by new dynasties in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The leaders in these developments were two Muslim emperors and members of the third great Islamic dynasty of their day: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) and his grandson Shah Jahan (ruled 1628–58). Akbar was the most enlightened intellectual and effective ruler of all the Mughals while Shah Jahan was the dynasty’s greatest patron of the arts. Shah Jahan built palaces, called Red Forts, in Lahore, Agra, and Delhi. The first mosque in northern India was built in Delhi and successive Islamic dynasties left their mark there. Shah Jahan also built the Taj Mahal in Agra between 1632 and 1643 in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Keywords:   architecture, South Asia, India, Mughals, Islamic dynasty, Akbar, Shah Jahan, Hindus, Taj Mahal, Red Forts

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