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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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The Domestic Ideal

The Domestic Ideal

Chapter:
(p.290) 19 The Domestic Ideal
Source:
Architecture since 1400
Author(s):

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0019

This chapter discusses the transformation of domestic architecture in the nineteenth century. From the nineteenth century and up to the present, the English-speaking world developed a preference for detached or semidetached housing on the fringes of cities, thus separating dwelling from working, shopping, and governing. This separation occurred when the Industrial Revolution began moving more and more income-producing jobs away from the home to the factory or the office and also, through the railroad and the steamship, provided new ways of traveling between the two. The result was the suburb, as well as new ways of thinking about the importance of how buildings are made, organized, decorated, and inhabited. Nuclear family households were also seen by men and women as essential to upholding the moral values that were being eroded by industrialization. Many women championed this ideal, which they used to extend the accepted arena and authority of middle-class women as housewives and reformers. This sentimental view of the middle-class home, as well as early alternatives to it, in turn inspired reforms in decorative arts, domestic architecture, landscape architecture, and suburban planning.

Keywords:   domestic architecture, homes, housing, suburbia, suburbs, middle class, dwellings, nuclear family, households

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