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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

Chapter:
(p.255) 17 The Industrial Revolution
Source:
Architecture since 1400
Author(s):

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0017

The Industrial Revolution transformed the architecture and society of nineteenth-century Europe and the Americas. New sites of production were organized around newly efficient manufacturing processes, and the building materials they generated were used to construct new building types on an unprecedented scale. Capitalism increasingly challenged the primacy of the state, whether controlled by absolutist monarchs or bourgeois citizens, in determining urban form. This chapter examines the new industrial landscapes in which iron and textiles, two of the characteristic products of this revolution, were produced, as well as the new building types in which mass-produced materials—glass as well as iron—were used as construction materials. In many cases, these uses were inseparable from the economic and technological changes that resulted from other aspects of industrialization.

Keywords:   Industrial Revolution, architecture, architectural history, capitalism, urban development, industrialization

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