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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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City and Country in Britain and Ireland

City and Country in Britain and Ireland

Chapter:
(p.173) 12 City and Country in Britain and Ireland
Source:
Architecture since 1400
Author(s):

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0012

This chapter considers the political forces that transformed urban and rural architecture in Britain and Ireland in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The Glorious Revolution of 1688, which toppled James II in favor of his daughter and Dutch son-in-law, Mary II and William III, established the political power of British landowners and cemented their control over Ireland. Throughout the eighteenth century, the weak monarchy and strong oligarchy in Britain meant that power was shared among the members of a relatively broad elite composed of peers and gentry in the countryside and successful professionals and businessmen in the cities. The architectural taste of the British elite was interlocked with the political philosophy with which they expressed their right to rule over both the countryside and the capital.

Keywords:   architecture, Britain, Ireland, London, cities, countryside, capitalist real estate, landowners

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