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Architecture since 1400$
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Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780816673964

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.001.0001

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Ming and Qing China

Ming and Qing China

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Ming and Qing China
Source:
Architecture since 1400
Author(s):

Kathleen James-Chakraborty

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816673964.003.0001

This chapter discusses architecture during the Ming and Qing dynasties. This period saw the greatest level of centralization of Chinese rule by any emperor before or since. This centralization was facilitated in part by the form of the imperial palace. The construction of the Forbidden City—which remains the world’s largest palace—was begun in 1407 and completed in 1421. The palace was the result of two key precedents. The first was a long history of planned Chinese capital cities, the second was the increased prevalence of the courtyard house, whose spread from north to south and east to west was a unifying element throughout the empire.

Keywords:   architecture, architectural history, Forbidden City, imperial palace, Ming dynasty, Qing dynasty, courtyard house

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