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Strategies for Social Change$
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Gregory M. Maney, Rachel V. Kutz-Flamenbaum, and Deana A. Rohlinger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816672899

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816672899.001.0001

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Strategic Choices in Cross-National Movements: A Comparison of the Swedish and British Plowshares Movements

Strategic Choices in Cross-National Movements: A Comparison of the Swedish and British Plowshares Movements

Chapter:
(p.263) 12 Strategic Choices in Cross-National Movements: A Comparison of the Swedish and British Plowshares Movements
Source:
Strategies for Social Change
Author(s):

Sharon Erickson Nepstad

Stellan Vinthagen

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816672899.003.0012

This chapter analyzes the strategic choices of Swedish and British activists who imported the controversial tactics of the U.S. Plowshares movement. U.S. plowshares organizers were strongly influenced by Dorothy Day, founder of the Catholic Worker Movement, who established “houses of hospitality” that offered shelter and food to the poor. Priests Philip and Daniel Berrigan, however, introduced an even more controversial form of resistance—draft board raids—wherein activists would forcibly remove conscription files, drenching them in blood or burning them with homemade napalm. International media coverage of U.S. Plowshares actions caught the interest of activists abroad, who began experimenting with this radical approach. Swedish and British activists faced numerous choice points that led them to implement strategic changes which resulted to different consequences: the British Plowshares movement prospered, while the Swedish Plowshares movement struggled and collapsed.

Keywords:   British Plowshares movement, Swedish Plowshares movement, U.S. Plowshares movement, Dorothy Day, Catholic Worker Movement, draft board raids, Philip Berrigan, Daniel Berrigan

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