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Strategies for Social Change$
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Gregory M. Maney, Rachel V. Kutz-Flamenbaum, and Deana A. Rohlinger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816672899

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816672899.001.0001

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Land Struggles in the Global South: Strategic Innovations in Brazil and India

Land Struggles in the Global South: Strategic Innovations in Brazil and India

Chapter:
(p.221) 10 Land Struggles in the Global South: Strategic Innovations in Brazil and India
Source:
Strategies for Social Change
Author(s):

Kurt Schock

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816672899.003.0010

This chapter discusses two rural social movement organizations (SMOs) that have waged militant struggles for land reform through nonviolent resistance. First is the Landless Rural Workers Movement in Brazil (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Terra or MST), while the second is an Indian SMO called Ekta Parishad (Unity Forum). Both SMOs have organized campaigns to mobilize people, raise public awareness about land issues, place land reform on the national agenda, and create alternatives to exploitive political and economic relations. Each SMO is characterized by a defining method: land occupation for the MST, and the extended march or padyatra for Ekta Parishad. The chapter mainly tackles why social movements with radical goals prefer nonviolent resistance, as well as the implementation of particular methods of nonviolent action, and the success rate of nonviolent movements focusing on land reform promotion.

Keywords:   social movement organizations, land reform, nonviolent resistance, Landless Rural Workers Movement, Ekta Parishad, land occupation, padyatra

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