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Scream from the ShadowsThe Women's Liberation Movement in Japan$
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Setsu Shigematsu

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816667581

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816667581.001.0001

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Origins of the Other/Onna

Origins of the Other/Onna

The Violence of Motherhood and the Birth of Ribu

Chapter:
(p.3) Chapter One Origins of the Other/Onna
Source:
Scream from the Shadows
Author(s):

Setsu Shigematsu

Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:10.5749/minnesota/9780816667581.003.0001

This chapter traces the political genealogy of Ūman ribu by mapping the points of divergence, discontinuities, and fault lines that distinguished ribu from other women’s movements in Japan. Ribu’s relationship to mainstream Japanese women’s movements involved a deliberate distance and break from existing political organizations, such as housewife associations, women’s democratic leagues, and mothers’ peace movements. Ribu activists were critical of the modern family system and political movements that were premised on the identities of wives and mothers. The chapter concludes with a review of Ūman ribu’s discourse about the liberation of onna, the Japanese word for “woman”

Keywords:   Ūman ribu, women’s movements, Japan, housewife associations, women’s democratic leagues, mothers’ peace movements, family system, onna

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