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Seeking Spatial Justice$
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Edward W. Soja

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780816666676

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816666676.001.0001

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On the Production of Unjust Geographies

On the Production of Unjust Geographies

(p.31) 2 On the Production of Unjust Geographies
Seeking Spatial Justice

Edward W. Soja

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter discusses the three geographic scales of spatial justice—exogenous arena, endogenous arena, and mesogeographical arena. Exogenous arena is the unjust political boundary imposed to people which can be seen in situations such as apartheid colonial control, electoral district gerrymandering, and the privileging of private property rights under the law. The endogenous arena refers to social discrimination that can be seen in implemented the rules of firms and institutions, and the unfair treatment of people because of their race or ethnic origin. The mesogeographical arena is injustice associated with geographically uneven development arising from geographical, dynamic, and expansive urbanization around the world.

Keywords:   mesogeographical arena, exogenous arena, endogenous arena, spatial justice, urbanization

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