A Brief History
This chapter presents a brief account of the history of institutionalization. After World War II, institutionalization was the professional consensus about how to deal with people diagnosed with intellectual and other developmental disabilities. Physicians advised parents to provide custodial care, which was too great a burden at home and held potentially serious consequences for normal siblings. In many institutions, visits were prohibited or limited for a period following admission so as not to exacerbate the difficulties of adjustment for both families and patients. Within this context, some parent groups centered on developing larger role for families in the care of their institutionalized children. By 1960, the initial postwar efforts to broaden existing services incorporated the aim of reforming conditions in institutions.
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