This chapter examines Esteban Echeverría’s literary work “El matadero” (“The Slaughterhouse”) and its political implications in Argentina. “El matadero” is a story of a Unitarian who refrained from wearing the crimson clothing that signified federalist power. Also, the literary work reflects Argentina’s opposition against the brutal methods employed by Federalist sympathizers to silence the opposition, as well as the growth of identity politics between the elite and masses, and between the concepts of civilization and barbarism. “El matadero” resembles Argentina’s Dirty War, when the nationalistic Argentina was grounded within the anomalous opposition between the civilized citizens and the unruly barbarians. This chapter demonstrates how federalist “uniform” projects Argentine soldiers’ identity of being courageous and honorable.
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