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PosthegemonyPolitical Theory and Latin America$
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Jon Beasley-Murray

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780816647149

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816647149.001.0001

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April 13, 2002

April 13, 2002

(p.284) Epilogue April 13, 2002

Jon Beasley-Murray

University of Minnesota Press

This epilogue examines the situation in Venezuela to demonstrate the failure of the contemporary state form, highlight the fiction of hegemony, and dispel the myth of the social contract. It suggests that the failure of modernity’s social contract is most evident in Latin America, a veritable laboratory of rebellion, mobilization, and counterinsurgency. In place of coercion or consent, both of which depend upon granting transcendence to the state, posthegemony substitutes affect, habit, and an immanent multitude. Politics is, and has always been, biopolitics. The chapter considers the Venezuelan Caracazo of 1989 as the first of the social ruptures that indicated the end of the social pact and presaged the left turns.

Keywords:   hegemony, Venezuela, social contract, Latin America, posthegemony, affect, habit, multitude, biopolitics, Caracazo

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