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Racial Democracy and the Black MetropolisHousing Policy in Postwar Chicago$
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Preston H. Smith II

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780816637027

Published to Minnesota Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.001.0001

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From Negro Clearance to Negro Containment

From Negro Clearance to Negro Containment

(p.103) 5 From Negro Clearance to Negro Containment
Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis

Preston H. Smith

University of Minnesota Press

This chapter focuses on black policy elites’ efforts to reform the relocation policy that forced both black property owners and tenants to look for housing in racial dual housing market, which is a racially segmented market that provides very different opportunities for blacks and whites. The difficulty of the displaced blacks, ineligible for public housing, encouraged black policy elites to concentrate on the accessibility of private housing markets. The chapter then examines the extent to which blacks were displaced by land clearance and the flawed relocation practices of the Chicago Land Clearance Commission, exploring the protests of black civic elites such as the professionals who worked for the Chicago’s National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as well as those of black policy elites who worked for national civil rights organizations and federal housing agencies.

Keywords:   black policy elites, relocation policy, racial dual housing market, displaced blacks, public housing, private housing, land clearance

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